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 subject: The Republic of Tyva
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 federal okrug: Siberian
 economic region: East Siberia
 area: 170.5 th.sq.km.
 population: 309 th.p.
 index of car numbers: 17

In the 6th - 7th centuries the territory of Tyva was a constituent of Tyurksky Khanate, since the 13th century it was a part of China. Since 1914 it is a constituent of Russia. After the revolution Tyva became Tuvinskaya Republic. In 1944 it was autonomous region. In 1961 the region became Socialist Republic. Since 1993 it is the Republic of Tyva.

 Geographical location

The republic of Tyva is situated in the centre of Asia in the south of Eastern Siberia. Length of the territory from north to south is 420 km, from west to east - 630 km. The republic borders on Mongolia in the south, on Irkutskaya region in the north-east, on the republic of Khakasia in the north-west, on the republic of Buryatia in the east, on the republic of Altai in the west, on Krasnoyarsky region in the north.

Main rivers - the Upper Enisei.

Tyva is a mountainous republic. 3 million hectares are covered by forests.

The climate is sharp continental with frosty, windless winter and warm summer.

The republic is rich in ore of nonferrous and rare metals, coal, iron ore, gold, different building materials. There are more than 50 carbonate springs.

 Administrative division

The republic is divided into 16 districts, 1 town of the republican submission, 4 towns of district submission, 3 town settlements, 94 villages.

Capital of the republic is the town of Kyzyl. It was founded in 1914. Distance to Moscow is 4,668 km.


Tyva is an industrial and agricultural republic, rich in different minerals. There are 3 main economic regions: Central - the most inhabited part of republic with industrial centres (Kyzyl, Ak-Dovurak, Chadan), important region of grain-growing and stock-breeding; Southern - region of stock-breeding; North-Eastern - region of timber cutting, hunting, deer-farming and fishing.

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