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 federal okrug: Far-Eastern
 economic region: Far East
 area: 87.1 th.sq.km.
 population: 648 th.p.
 index of car numbers: 65

Sakhalinskaya region was founded on 2 January 1947 from the former Sakhalinskaya region of Khabarovsky region and the territories, jointed to Russia after the victory over Japan in the World War the Second.

 Geographical location

Sakhalinskaya region is the only administrative territory in Russia, located in 59 islands. The Sakhalin and Kurilskye islands are the constituent of the region.

The region is situated in eastern coast of Eurasia. Unique geographic location forms geographic advantage, which favours the development of foreign communications.

Big length of the region determines the diversity of geographic position, natural conditions, resources and economic opportunities.

Flora and fauna of the region are very rich and diverse. Flora is represented by 1,400 species of plants.

Island of seals, a unique sanctuary, is well-known all over the world.

 Administrative division

Sakhalinskaya region is divided into 17 districts, 9 towns of regional submission, 10 towns of district submission, 34 town settlements, 66 villages.

Centre of the region is the town of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. It was founded in 1946. Distance to Moscow is 10,417 km.


Nature of Sakhalinskaya region is unique and beautiful. In the region there are mineral springs, cure mud, volcanoes and waterfalls. On the Kurils there is the highest waterfall in Russia - "Iljya Muromets" with the height of 141 metres. In the region there are exclusive monuments of archeology, sites, connected with culture of the natives.

In Sakhalinskaya region there are 46 natural monuments, natural park "Island Moneron", about 1,000 historical objects, 3 sanctuaries.

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