Rostovskaya region is situated in the south of the East-European plain.
Climate is temperate continental. Main rivers are the Don and the Northern Donets. The large lake - the Manych-Gudilo. In the region there is State Steppe Sanctuary, resorts "Manych", "Veshensky".
Rostovskaya region was founded on 13 September 1937. The region is divided into 43 districts, 23 towns, 25 town settlements. Regional centre - Rostov-on-Don.
Area of the region is 100,800 sq. km. Population is 4,404 thousand people: citizens - 67.9%; Russians - 89.6%, Ukrainians - 4.2% and others.