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 subject: Penzenskaya oblast
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 federal okrug: Privolzhsky
 economic region: Povolzhie
 area: 43.2 th.sq.km.
 population: 1 562 th.p.
 index of car numbers: 58

Penzenskaya region was founded in 1939. It was a part of Tambovskaya region since 1937 to 1939.

The town of Penza was founded in 1663 as a fortress of Russia. In the 20th century Penza became a big industrial and cultural centre. V. G. Belinsky lived and worked in Penza. Penzenskaya region is connected with the names of M. U. Lermontov and A. N. Radishchev.

 Geographical location

Greater part of Penzenskaya region is occupied by Privolzhskaya highland. The region borders on Saratovskaya region in the south, on Tambovskaya region in the west, on Ryazanskaya region and the republic of Mordovia in the north, on Ulyanovskaya region in the north-east and the east.
Main rivers are the Sura, the Moksha, the Khoper.
The climate of the region is temperate continental.
Forests cover 20% of the territory of the region.

In the region there are enough water supplies. But the region is poor in minerals. There are reserves of clay, sands, phosphorus.

 Administrative division

Penzenskaya region is divided into 28 districts, 5 towns of the regional submission, 5 towns of district submission, 16 town settlements, 359 villages.

Centre of the region is the town of Penza. It was founded in 1663. Distance to Moscow is 709 km.
Main towns are Penza, Kuznetsk.

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