Orlovskaya region is situated in the central part of the East-European plain. It borders on Kurskaya region in the south, on Bryanskaya region in the west, on Kaluzhskaya region in the north-west, on Tulskaya region in the north and the north-east, on Lipetskaya region in the east.
Main river of the region is the Oka.
The climate is continental.
Orlovskaya region is divided into 23 districts, 3 towns of the regional submission, 4 towns of district submission, 14 town settlements, 221 villages.
Centre of the region is the town of Orel, founded in 1566. Distance to Moscow is 382 km.
Big towns are Orel, Livny, Mtsensk.