Nenetsky autonomous okrug is situated in the north of the East-European plain and includes islands of the Kolguev and the Vaigach. The okrug is washed by the White, the Barentsov and Karskoe Seas.
Nenetsky autonomous okrug borders on the republic of Komi in the south, on Arkhangelskaya region in the south-west, on Yamalo-Nenetsky autonomous okrug in the north-east.
Main river is the Pechora. On the territory of the okrug there is a big net of small rivers and lakes.
The climate of the okrug is severe.