The republic of Northern Osetia is situated in the northern range of the Big Caucasus. Length of the territory from north to south is 120 km, from west to east is 125 km. The republic borders on the republic of Georgia in the south, on the republic of Kabardino-Balkaria in the west, on Stavropolsky region in the north, on the republic of Ingushetia in the east.
Osetia is mountainous region.
The largest river is the Terek. Forests cover about 22% of the republic.
Fauna of the republic is diverse. There is a sanctuary.
The climate is temperate continental. Winter is short and mild, summer is hot.
In the republic there are reserves of ore, building materials and mineral waters.