Tambovskaya region is situated in the central part of the Oksko-Donskaya plain. The region borders on Voronezhskaya region in the south and the south-west, on Lipetskaya region in the west, on Ryazanskaya region in the north, on Penzenskaya region in the north-east and the east, on Saratovskaya region in the east and the south-east.
Main rivers: the Tsna, the Voronezh, the Vorona.
The climate of the region is temperate continental.
Tambovskaya region is divided into 23 districts, 7 towns of the regional submission, 1 town of district submission, 13 town settlements, 304 villages.
Centre of the region is the town of Tambov. It was founded in 1636. Distance to Moscow is 480 km.